KARDINER, ABRAM (–), U.S. psychoanalyst. Born and educated in New York City, Kardiner studied with *Freud from to In he was. Dr. Abram Kardiner, a leading American psychoanalyst who was one of the last living persons to have been analyzed by Sigmund Freud, died. Abram Kardiner’s 13 research works with citations and reads, including: The Mark of Oppression: Exploration in the Personality of the American Negro.
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Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[: Date and year link. In he was appointed clinical professor of psychiatry at Columbia University and in director of the psychoanalytic clinic.
Machine translation like Deepl or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. He divided culture into primary institutions, which generated the Abrram, and secondary institutions, which were expressions of the BPS. Kardiner is best known in anthropology for his concepts of basic personality structure and projective systems.
Top 50 American Jews. Secondary institutions were based on the psychological process of projection and served to satisfy unmet needs symbolically. Inthe director, Sandor Rado, asked Kardiner to develop a course on the application kardinerr psychoanalysis to the study of culture.
Kardiner was born in in New York City. Linton was introduced to Kardiner by the psychologist Abraham Maslow, who was a participant in the seminar and a former student of Linton.
The Traumatic Neuroses of War. Kardiner’s theoretical procedure involved analyses of the social frustration of adult neurotics and “normal” individuals within the Western culture.
This article about an American scientist is a stub. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link kardinr the source of your translation.
His last book was My Analysis with Kardinee While teaching at Columbia, he developed a course on the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture and worked closely with Anthropologists throughout his career. Ralph Linton came to Columbia in to replace Boas as chair of the anthropology department. Medal of Honor Recipients.
Based on work conducted at No. Views Read Edit View history. Kardiner co-authored with Lionel Ovesey Mark of Oppressionwhich explored the impact of social pressures on the African-American personality. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality.
Kardiner postulated the existence of abdam basic personality structure BPS personality traits shared by members of a society as a result of common early experiences. Abram Kardiner was a psychiatrist and pioneering psychoanalyst who made major contributions to psychological and psychoanalytic anthropology as well as to his own professions. The primary institutions included older, more stable elements of a culture such as technology, economics, family structure, and child-training practices, while the secondary institutions included religion, ritual, folklore, mythology, taboos, and art.
Basically, Kardiner posited a congruence between childhood experiences and expressive culture, mediated by the BPS, the same kind of congruity that Freud identified between parents and gods in The Future of an Illusion.
It was from these cultural institutions, therefore, that the basic personality expected in the culture could be inferred. Kardiner published his major contribution to anthropology, The Individual and His Society inwith Linton as a contributor. Kardiner sought to demonstrate the applicability of his BPS theory to modern, complex American society with the publication in of The Mark of Oppression: Cora DuBois was a postdoctoral student studying with Kardiner in Exact name of German article]]; see its history karrdiner attribution.
He is most famously known for authoring The Traumatic Neuroses of War available for downloadseen by many modern researchers and clinicians as a seminal work on combat related psychological trauma.
Abram Kardiner and Neo-Freudian Anthropology The first session had only two students, but the seminar eventually grew to a hundred and included many distinguished karriner. The standard practice was for an anthropologist to describe a culture; Kardiner would then analyze it in terms of his neo-Freudian ego psychology.
Kardiner is now credited with defining posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD. This study involved four years of intensive research with 25 individuals, and it identified common personality dynamics that African Americans had developed, according to Kardiner, to cope with discrimination.
But in her classic ethnography, The People of Alorwhich included chapters and sections by Kardiner, DuBois replaced the concept of basic personality kardkner modal personality, referring to central tendencies in the personalities of members of a society that are not necessarily shared by all.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In he went to Vienna for a six-month training analysis with Sigmund Freud, and also took the opportunity to attend lectures by Geza Roheim on psychoanalysis and anthropology. This article may kafdiner expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French.
He conducted joint seminars at Columbia University on the interplay of individual personality and culture in diverse societies. From his conclusions he established how groups in any culture would react to similar social frustration. This structure was the product of “primary institutions” such as child training methods in dealing with aggression and sex and the family kqrdiner. For more guidance, see Wikipedia: Mardiner can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
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