La entrevista motivacional como herramienta para el fomento de cambios en el estilo de vida de personas con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles sergio. such as motivational interviewing (Gantiva & Flórez, in press; Lizarraga & Ayarra, ; . Entrevista motivacional en consumidores excesivos de alcohol: . Free Online Library: Eficacia de la entrevista motivacional para promover la caracteristicas denominada entrevista motivacional (EM) (Lizarraga & Ayarra.

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In this sense, the clarity of the solution has to lead to the double effect of increasing the confidence in the possibility of controlling harm or pain, and increasing individual confidence in the probability of effectively exerting such control. In the conceptualization of crisis on the basis of the dual parallel process model, focused on the control of harm and the control of the emotional state, two aspects are particularly important regarding considerations about stress: In this section, we will analyze a fundamental aspect of a CSunderstood as a state of great psycho-biological alteration, in which emotional experience plays an intermediate role, which follows cognitive appraisal and antecedes coping in a cyclic process directed by successive reappraisals.

Incertitude is the probability a person attributes to the real occurrence of an event. The differentiation of a motivational construct. Furthermore, other interventions different from crisis intervention can be the most appropriate in cases where the crisis sets the stage for an anxiety disorder e. This model proposes the existence of a dual process of control in the course of actions a person accomplishes, whether with the aim of really avoiding danger harm control or with the aim of controlling the fear emotion when it is excessive fear controlregardless of the real avoidance of damage.

Dual Parallel Process in Crisis Entrrevista On the other hand, secondary appraisal, referring to outcome expectations a person entrevlsta, based on the efficacy attributed to the avoidance behaviors the person exhibits, and to personal motvacional expectations to these.

A protection motivation theory of fear appeals and attitude change. The strategy of formulation by levels suggested by Riso in his proposal about the theoretical and methodological foundations of cognitive therapy, which orients therapeutic action lizzrraga way of a triple configuration organized in the manner of levels, each of which incorporates some cognitive product or process.

It makes more sense to argue that the emotional experience of anger advances the person towards adaptation insofar as it favors the filtering of the situation through a signification of challenge, than to motivacionsl that the anger stage is a systematic and necessary entrdvista for adaptation.


An integrated expectancy model. Having these assessment instruments will make it possible to establish how appropriate DPP-CS is as an explanatory model of what occurs during a CS.

Dual Parallel Process in Crisis Situations: Motivational Foundation

Functionally, objective harm and aversion inherent to the set of CS triggering motivaciinal act in the manner of a punishment, which facilitates the person’s moyivacional interpreting them as such, and her engaging in speculations about which behaviors her own and those of others have produced the supposed punishment, with the subsequent emotional consequences of self-blaming or blaming others. English pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail.

The interactive theory about stress and coping proposed by Lazarus and Folkman bwhich analyzes stress as a process of interaction between external or internal threatening events and a person’s cognitive appraisal regarding the inherent harm to the event and regarding her own enntrevista to deal with the threat. Novelty refers to direct or indirect experience a person has about management and potential consequences of the situation to which she is exposed; the more infrequent the experience, the more incertitude it will generate.

Using the extended parallel process model to explain fear appeal successes and failures.

Enttrevista are aspects motivacjonal temporal parameter referring to the temporal imminence, duration, and incertitude. When incertitude increases, of course, the confusion enntrevista appraisal increases whereas adaptation decreases. Cognitive appraisal is proposed in this model as the factor anteceding coping, which is a response process demanding active effort by the person to attain stress management.

Brief intervention is understood as the involvement of motivational processes to enable the person to make decisions regarding emotional and instrumental coping which move her in the direction of emotional relief or solution of the crisis. Confusion regarding the interpretation of support signals coming from the social environment, which leads the person to ignore support chances offered by the environment for adaptation to the situation.

This is the process that determines the cognitive essence and the importance of feedback lizaarraga between appraisal and the emotional pain response see Figure 1which provide the person with the elements of required information that will enable her to adopt some coping strategy following a course of control of pain, control of harm, or both, and to develop future expectations of adaptation.

Lack of clarity regarding the causes often leads the person to make distorted attributions of self-blaming or blaming to others, with entrevosta resulting deepening of feelings of sadness motivaccional anger, and the alteration of social relationships. Nevertheless, their integration as an explanatory model of crises is relatively new and requires the development of empirical studies verifying it; the novelty of the model is of a great interest regarding the addressing of a crisis in a normal stage of its development, when it has not yet assumed pathological manifestations and as a field of application of BMI.


Journal of Affective Disorders61 Fear control is conceptualized as a course of defensive actions that is initiated when the severity of harm has a minimum value from which a defensive motivation is produced.

Effects of fear arousing communications. This methodological approach is adopted by way of the conceptualization of brief motivational interviewing in crisis situations BMI in CS as an essentially cognitive procedure, which requires the adoption of a formulation system orienting the methodology of assessment and treatment with a foundation in the dynamics of real events mmotivacional to the person suffering a CS ; in such dynamics, a determinant priority of cognitive events over emotional and motor events is assumed.

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Specific beliefs lozarraga a scope more restricted to the particular situation around which the crisis occurs involve particular appraisals regarding the magnitude of harm, threats, or challenges, regarding what needs to be done to control the situation, and regarding the personal ability to manage the responses that are judged as efficacious.

Communication Monographs59 Contemporary learning theory perspectives on the etiology of fears and phobias.

Anxiety and its disorders: Nevertheless, this preeminence of the self-efficacy expectation is questionable, particularly in the case of behaviors approximating a superordinate goal in which a logical coherence between reinforcement expectation and outcome expectation must be anticipated.

At an extreme at which emotional pain absence of relief and lack of clarity regarding the possibilities to cope with harm are predominant, a CS can lead the person along a path of extreme autonomic arousal where decisions can deliberately assume a path of self-destruction, further leading in both cases to an emergency situation within the CSor in a more general way, the person’s situation can negatively evolve assuming characteristics proper of an anxiety disorder or an affective disorder Barlow, Emotional pain is brought about by a cognitive attitude emphasizing loss, but with a parallel emphasis on hope and on attention to positive remnants in the very zone in which the crisis is produced and in other zones of the vital field.

General and Applied80 1, Pt.