“La acidez y el encalado de los suelos”. Revista Ciencia y Técnica en la Agricultura Cañera (La Habana, Cuba) N° 2. Act p: Principales fuentes de acidez • La Acidez en suelos viene de H + y de los iones de Al 3+ en la solución del suelo y adsorbido a la superficie de las partículas de . Acidez y encalado de los suelos. Instituto de la Potasa y el Fósforo, Quito, Ecuador. 42pp. INPOFOS. Manual Internacional de Fertilidad de Suelos.

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We chose a synchronic approach. Moreover, those characteristics are also detrimental to the growth of legumes Ritchie, We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Average Soil Organic Carbon content was g kg These two fertilizations were not sufficient to guarantee the suelox of available phosphorus levels in the years after the application of acidezz program.

The number of fields studied is shown in table 1. The impacts of the program on acidity pH and exchangeable aluminum were different among localities. The aim of this study was to assess the effect on soil quality of a governmental program whose objective is restoring the fertility of degraded acidic volcanic ash soils. Approaching environmental phosphorus limits on a volcanic ash soil of Southern Chile.

Arrows in Figure 1 shows relationships between program actions and changes expected in the soil. Finally, overgrazing caused also problems of erosion. Moreover, grasslands in those municipalities are grazed, as opposed to Lonquimay, where only hay is harvested.

This program has been operational for more than a decade. After filtering, measurements were taken using an atomic absorbtion spectrophotometer.

The program had also contrasted effects on the exchangeable Aluminium Alex content Table 4. Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Santiago, Chile, pp. Instead, at Lonquimay exchangeable aluminum decreased significantly, and pH remained slightly higher than the control values through the first four years.


We do not think that this is linked to the fact that only at Lonquimai alfalfa was cultivated. In those locations, phosphorus uptake by grasses was hampered by the presence of free aluminium. De la Fuente, J. These conditions are very hard on the Mapuches farmers of this area, whose main activity is cattle breeding ovine and bovine and whose farms are very small.

acidwz Those fluctuations in Alex values could be linked to the fluctuations in pH observed at Cunco. Meaning of “encalado” in the Spanish dictionary. In this locality, exchangeable Al content loos the highest among all the samples, which caused high toxicity and a poor growth in the grassland; this, in turn, strongly limited phosphorus uptake, which probably explains the observed imbalance.

The fields received calcium carbonate and superphosphate the year before the grasslands were established and during the year following this establishement. This outcome is consistent with a number of studies on liming in Southern Chile. Medicago hispida or Lotus uliginosus.

Acidez y encalado de suelos enla region de Los Lagos – Google Books

The phosphorus was determined by colorimetry with the blue of molybdene method, using ascorbic acid as a reducing agent. This study provided important results for the improvement of the program. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 5 2aidez Our method was based on the comparison of native pastures with farmers’ grasslands after they have received, 1 to 4 years before our survey, the program actions.

Therefore, native acidze of this region have a very low productivity and express a very specific flora, which consists essentially of grass, but contains also some legumes, adapted to the high acidity of the soil, and some other aluminium-tolerant species, adapted to an encaladl environment Mora et al.

Examples of use in the Spanish literature, quotes and news about encalado.

ENCALADO – Definition and synonyms of encalado in the Spanish dictionary

Loss all that is hidden in the words on. However, these have been seldom applied in the area object of this study, and therefore they will not be discussed in this paper. This explanation is more likely than the fixation by the soil, as the content of extractable aluminium is less than mg kg The chemical behavior of aluminium, hydrogen and manganese in acid soils, in: The cm layer was sampled in October and in Octoberusing a gauge.


Conocidos estos datos pueden adoptarse las siguientes directrices: Spanish words that begin with en. For the analysis of exchangeable aluminium, 5 g of dry soil re added to a solution of ammonium acetate 1M, and shaken for 30 minutes, before filtering. Each value in tables 3 – 5 is the average of 4 to 8 measured values. Andisols, phosphorus, aluminium enccalado, soil acidity.

Meaning of “encalado” in the Spanish dictionary

This has worsened the problems. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 71 2 Site description and experimental settings. We analysed the soil in those fields, for two consecutive years, characterized by very different weather conditions: In the Southern temperate part of Chile, andisols are the dominant soil type. Exchangeable Al content measured in different localities of the precordillera and the cordillera, Araucania Region south of Chile.

Phosphoric fertilizers affect directly phosphorus availability Encaladp, Soils of these five localities are classified as andisols Vitric-Silandic Andosol as mentioned by Salazar et al. The program also includes other suelow such as the creation of terrasses to prevent erosion, the set up of cover-crops.

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Moreover, Alfalfa is able to absorb significant quantities of phosphorus, thanks to its well-developed root system Nichols et al. Jean Roger-Estrade E-mail address: Temperate pasture legues in Australia – their history, current use and future prospects.